Bacteria, meiofauna and macrofauna density and macrofauna biomass in the HAUSGARTEN area (Fram Strait) in 2014 (POLARSTERN cruise PS85)

DOI

During PS85 in 2014 bacteria density, meiofauna density, macrofauna density and macrofauna biomass was determined. For the bacterial density determination, sediment subsamples were taken with modified syringes (1.17 cm² cross-sectional area) from MUC recovered sediment cores and from benthic chambers. The first centimetre of each sample was stored in a 2 % filtered formalin solution at 4 °C. The acridine orange direct count (AODC) method (Hobbie et al., 1977) was used to stain bacteria in the subsamples and subsequently bacteria were counted with a microscope (Axioskop 50, Zeiss) under UV-light (CQ-HXP-120, LEj, Germany). For the determination of the meiofauna density and identification of meiofauna taxa, sediment subsamples were taken with modified syringes (3.14 cm² cross-sectional area) from MUC recovered sediment cores. The first centimetre of each sample was stored in borax buffered 4 % formaldehyde solution at 4 °C. The samples were sieved over a 1000 µm and 32 µm mesh. Both fractions were centrifuged three times in a colloidal silica solution (Ludox TM-50) with a density of 1.18 g/cm³ and stained with Rose 20 Bengal (Heip et al., 1985). Afterwards, the taxa were identified and counted. Foraminifera are not considered, as the extraction efficiency of Ludox for different groups of foraminifera is insufficient for a quantitative assessment of the group. Therefore, only metazoan meiofauna is recorded. After taking subsamples for bacteria and meiofauna densities, the remaining sediment from MUC recovered sediment cores and from the benthic chambers was used for macrofauna taxonomical identification, and density and biomass determination. For these macrofauna analyses only the 0-5 cm horizon from MUC sediment cores and the entire remaining sediment from the benthic chambers was used, sieved over a 500 µm mesh and stored in borax buffered 4 % formaldehyde and stained with Rose Bengal (Heip et al., 1985). Afterwards, macrofauna taxa were identified to the highest taxonomic level, counted and weighted (blotted wet weight).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.884600
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883410
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.884600
Provenance
Creator Braeckman, Ulrike ORCID logo; Hoffmann, Ralf ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Contributor Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven
Publication Year 2018
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 72 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-5.290W, 78.506S, 6.124E, 79.142N); North Greenland Sea
Temporal Coverage Begin 2014-06-17T14:30:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2014-06-26T14:03:00Z