EPICA Dome C Ice Core Timescales EDC3


The EPICA (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica) Dome C drilling in East Antarctica has now been completed to a depth of 3260 m, at only a few meters above bedrock. Here we present the new EDC3 chronology, which is based on the use of 1) a snow accumulation and mechanical flow model, and 2) a set of independent age markers along the core. These are obtained by pattern matching of recorded parameters to either absolutely dated paleoclimatic records, or to insolation variations. We show that this new time scale is in excellent agreement with the Dome Fuji and Vostok ice core time scales back to 100 kyr within 1 kyr. Discrepancies larger than 3 kyr arise during MIS 5.4, 5.5 and 6, which points to anomalies in either snow accumulation or mechanical flow during these time periods. We estimate that EDC3 gives accurate event durations within 20% (2 sigma) back to MIS11 and accurate absolute ages with a maximum uncertainty of 6 kyr back to 800 kyr.

Timescale EDC3 for the EPICA Dome C ice core, both for the ice matrix and gas bubbles. The dataset gives the depth versus age timescale that has been adopted as official for the EPICA Dome C ice core. Depth refers to the official log depth of the drilling. EDC3 for the ice matrix (EDC3_ice) is described fully in Parrenin et al. (Climate of the Past, 3, 485-497, 2007). This timescale is based on an snow accumulation / ice flow model, which is further tuned with independent age markers. Gas ages are derived using a firn densification model, and are fully described in Loulergue et al. (Climate of the Past, 3, 527-540, 2007). The ages given here correspond to the scenario 4 of Loulergue et al. and where necessary can be referred to as EDC3_gas_a.

Supplement to: Parrenin, Frédéric; Barnola, Jean-Marc; Beer, Jürg; Blunier, Thomas; Castellano, Emiliano; Chappellaz, Jérôme A; Dreyfus, Gabrielle; Fischer, Hubertus; Fujita, Shuji; Jouzel, Jean; Kawamura, Kenji; Lemieux-Dudon, Bénédicte; Loulergue, Laetitia; Masson-Delmotte, Valerie; Narcisi, Biancamaria; Petit, Jean Robert; Raisbeck, Grant M; Raynaud, Dominique; Ruth, Urs; Schwander, Jakob; Severi, Mirko; Spahni, Renato; Steffensen, Jørgen Peder; Svensson, Anders M; Udisti, Roberto; Waelbroeck, Claire; Wolff, Eric William (2007): The EDC3 chronology for the EPICA Dome C ice core. Climate of the Past, 3, 485-497

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.671367
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-3-485-2007
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-3-527-2007
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.671367
Creator Parrenin, Frédéric ORCID logo; Loulergue, Laetitia; Wolff, Eric William ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2007
Funding Reference Fifth Framework Programme https://doi.org/10.13039/100011104 Crossref Funder ID EVK2-CT-2000-00077 https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/EVK2-CT-2000-00077 European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica; Fourth Framework Programme https://doi.org/10.13039/100011105 Crossref Funder ID ENV4980702 https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/ENV4980702 European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 17220 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (123.350 LON, -75.100 LAT); Dome C, Antarctica
Temporal Coverage Begin 1993-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2004-12-31T00:00:00Z