Snow depth and ground frost depth at a boreal fen (Oulanka National Park, NE Finland) 1980-2023


Snow and ground frost depths were measured at a boreal fen close to Oulanka research station, northeastern Finland (66°22'N, 29°19'E) in years 1980 to 2023, as part of ongoing long-term surveys conducted by the research station staff. Data were collected manually by reading snow depths on survey sticks placed at the fen on fixed locations once per week. Ground frost depths were manually recorded by visually inspecting hollow tubes placed inside the snow depth survey sticks containing water and ink. The level of frozen coloured water was thus observed. The site is outside permafrost zone, so only the top layer of the soil freezes during winter. The data consists of separate weekly values of six (1980-2002) or seven (2007-) survey sticks, and of average values for the snow depth and ground frost depth. The data has two missing seasons; 1981-1982 and 2002-2003, and for 1989-1991 only ground frost depth was recorded. 2004 to 2007 the data consists of only one measurement stick. In 2007 one extra survey stick was added to the survey and the data is complete from thereafter. Despite some missing values in earlier years, the dataset contains 43 years of ongoing snow depth and ground frost depth recordings on a natural boreal fen.

Metadata Access
Creator Riku, Paavola; Lämsä, Juho
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2024
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 46699 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (29.306W, 66.377S, 29.309E, 66.378N); Finland
Temporal Coverage Begin 1980-10-23T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2023-05-19T00:00:00Z