Mean spectral diffuse attenuation coefficients from 320 to 917 nm from high spectrally resolved radiometric underwater light transmission profiles obtained by an undulating platform towed behind the ship


Radiometric data was collected on Polarstern expedition PS113, crossing the Atlantic from the Patagonian Shelf to the English Channel with an irradiance sensors (RAMSES ACC-2-VIS, TriOS GmbH, Germany) covering the wavelength region from 320 nm to 917 nm with a spectral sampling of 3.3. nm, resolution of 10 nm, and accuracy of 0.3 nm. The sensor was mounted on an undulating platform (Triaxus, extended version, MacArtney, Denmark) towed behind the research vessel at a speed of 8 knots for several transects along the cruise track and measured the underwater downwelling irradiance Ed(z, λ). Vertical movement of the Triaxus was 1 m/s. The depth was determined with a Seabird CTD mounted to the Triaxus and the inclination in all directions was recorded by the Triaxus hardware (details in von Appen et al. 2020). Measurements were taken with automatically adjusted integration times between 4 ms and 8 s. Data of a light profile was only processed if the euphotic depth was reached and values of the downwelling irradiance at 15 m depth and a wavelength of 400 nm were greater than 150 mW m−2 nm−1. Radiometric data from 6 transects (on 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, and 27 May 2018) between 2 and 48 hours duration were identified useful for determining Kd(λ). Generally, profile measurements were only valid if the instrument's inclination in either dimension was < 14°. Another RAMSES ACC-2-VIS sensor mounted on top of the ship recorded the incident downwelling irradiance above the surface Ed(λ, 0 + ), to correct for incident sunlight variations. Mean Kd was calculated from Ed(z, λ) profiles mostly over the depth interval 7 to 30 m, some 7 to 60 m. Details on measurement procedure and determination of Kd can be found in Bracher et al. (2020a, 2020b).

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Metadata Access
Creator Bracher, Astrid ORCID logo; Dinter, Tilman; von Appen, Wilken-Jon ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2022
Funding Reference European Space Agency Crossref Funder ID 4000127533/19/I-NS-S5P+I-OC Exploitation of Sentinel-5-P for Ocean Colour Products; German Research Foundation Crossref Funder ID 268020496 TRR 172: ArctiC Amplification: Climate Relevant Atmospheric and SurfaCe Processes, and Feedback Mechanisms
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 31000 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-33.533W, -19.455S, -23.373E, 8.824N); South Atlantic Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 2018-05-19T13:42:59Z
Temporal Coverage End 2018-05-27T16:07:10Z