The world's second-largest, recorded landslide event: Lessons learnt from the landslides triggered during and after the 2018 Mw 7.5 Papua New Guinea earthquake

This dataset was provided as the supplementary material of the paper (Tanyas and others, 2021) presenting a unique event inventory for the co-seismic landslides induced by the February 25, 2018 Mw 7.5 Papua New Guinea earthquake. The authors mapped approximately 11,600 landslides of which, more than 10,000 were triggered by the mainshock, with a total failed planimetric area of about 145 km2. Such a large area makes this inventory the world's second-largest recorded landslide event after the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, where the motion changed from predominantly thrust to strike-slip. Large landslides are abundant throughout the study area located within the remote Papua New Guinea Highlands. Specifically, more than half of the landslide population is larger than 50,000 m2 and overall, post-seismic landslides are even larger than their co-seismic counterparts. To understand the factors controlling the distribution of landslides' occurrence and size, the authors combine descriptive statistics as well as more rigorous bivariate and multivariate analyses. They statistically show that the 15-day antecedent precipitation plays a role in explaining the spatial distribution of co-seismic landslides. Also, they examine four strong aftershocks (Mw ≥ 6.0) within 9 days after the mainshock and statistically demonstrate that the cumulative effect of aftershocks is the main factor disturbing steep hillslopes and causing the initiation of very large landslides, up to ~5 km2. Overall, the dataset and the findings presented in the paper represent a step towards a holistic understanding of the seismic landslide hazard assessment of the entire Papua New Guinea mainland.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-zpm-a2nn
PID https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-oh-uen8
Metadata Access https://easy.dans.knaw.nl/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_datacite&identifier=oai:easy.dans.knaw.nl:easy-dataset:326457
Provenance
Creator Tanyaş, H ORCID logo
Publisher Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)
Contributor Tanyaş, H Hakan; Assistant Professor H Hakan Tanyaş (University of Twente)
Publication Year 2023
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; License: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0; http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/plain; mid/mif
Discipline Other