Seawater carbonate chemistry and primary production, respiration, calcification and growth rates of 6 populations of coralline alga Corallina officinalis


Rising levels of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere over the past several decades has resulted in a changing climate and is projected to further fuel global climate change in future centuries. Key components of climate change in the ocean are ocean acidification (decreasing pH and carbonate ion concentration [ CO32- ]) and rising sea surface temperatures. While several studies have investigated the effect of these climatic changes on a single population, very few studies have addressed effects on populations living at the margins of their species distribution and the full distributional range. This gap in knowledge impedes the determination of detailed predictions for most species' futures. Over the course of four months, we investigated physiological changes (primary production, respiration, calcification and growth rates) of 6 populations of the intertidal ecosystem engineer and articulated coralline alga Corallina officinalis to future climatic conditions (low pH (∼7.8); T + 3 °C; as well as the combination of low pH and T + 3 °C). The populations (n = 2 per geographical location) represent the northern (Iceland) and southern (Spain) margins, as well as the centre (England) of the species distribution in the NE Atlantic. Here, we show that southern and central populations are already living closer to their thermal and stress limits, while Northern populations appear to be the most resilient to environmental changes. We present data confirming light calcification to be the most valuable physiological process which is prioritized in populations throughout the geographical gradient in the NE Atlantic. We found elevated temperature to have a greater effect on populations than pCO2. Investigating and monitoring organism physiology and structure under these extreme environmental conditions provides important information to predict their acclimatisation and resilience to future environmental conditions and potential changes in their distribution.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2021-06-22.

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Creator Kolzenburg, Regina (ORCID: 0000-0002-2139-960X); D'Amore, Francesco; McCoy, Sophie J ORCID logo; Ragazzola, Federica ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1048 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-22.754W, 42.524S, 1.385E, 63.974N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2016-07-31T00:00:00Z