(Table 3) Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ether and congeners in blubber samples from whales, seals and porpoises between 1986-2009


A selection of PBDE congeners was analyzed in pooled blubber samples of pilot whale (Globicephala melas), ringed seal (Phoca hispida), minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) and Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus), covering a time period of more than 20 years (1986-2009). The analytes were extracted and cleaned-up using open column extraction and multi-layer silica gel column chromatography, and the analysis was performed on a GC-MS system operating in the NCI mode. The highest PBDE levels were found in the toothed whale species pilot whale and white-sided dolphin, and the lowest levels in fin whales and ringed seals. One-sided analyses of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey comparisons of means were applied to test for differences between years and sampling areas. Due to inter-year sampling variability, only general comparisons of PBDE concentrations between different sampling areas could be made. Differences in PBDE concentrations between three sampling periods, from 1986 to 2007, were evaluated in samples of pilot whales, ringed seals, white-sided dolphins and hooded seals. The highest PBDE levels were found in samples from the late 1990s or beginning of 2000, possibly reflecting the increase in the global production of technical PBDE mixtures in the 1990s. The levels of BDE #153 and #154 increased relative to the total PBDE concentration in some of the species in recent years, which may indicate an increased relative exposure to higher brominated congeners. In order to assess the effect of measures taken in legally binding international agreements, it is important to continuously monitor POPs such as PBDEs in sub-Arctic and Arctic environments.

Concentrations are given per g lipid weight. Data extracted in the frame of a joint ICSTI/PANGAEA IPY effort, see http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.150150

Supplement to: Rotander, Anna; van Bavel, Bert; Polder, Anuschka; Rigét, Frank F; Auðunsson, Guðjón Atli; Gabrielsen, Geir W; Víkingsson, Gísli; Bloch, Dorete; Dam, Maria (2012): Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in marine mammals from Arctic and North Atlantic regions, 1986-2009. Environment International, 40, 102-109

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.834668
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2011.07.001
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.834668
Creator Rotander, Anna; van Bavel, Bert; Polder, Anuschka; Rigét, Frank F; Auðunsson, Guðjón Atli; Gabrielsen, Geir W; Víkingsson, Gísli (ORCID: 0000-0002-4501-193X); Bloch, Dorete; Dam, Maria
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2012
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 532 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-69.350W, 60.000S, 23.000E, 77.470N); Faroe Islands; Jan Mayen; Norway; Greenland; Iceland
Temporal Coverage Begin 2001-02-18T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2001-03-01T00:00:00Z