Down-core geochemical data from Disko 2 lake sediment core (West Greenland) collected in April 2013


Lake sediment samples were taken in April 2013 from the ice by drilling through lake ice and recovering an undisturbed core using a HON-Kajak sediment corer. Samples were analysed for pigments (University of Nottingham), carbon isotopes and C/N ratios (BGS, Keyworth), lipid biomarkers (Newcastle University) and compound-specific carbon isotopes (CUG, Wuhan). The purpose of the analyses was to develop an environmental reconstruction of carbon cycling for an upland lake (named Disko 2) to encompass the Little Ice Age to recent warming climate periods. Analyses were completed as part of Mark A. Stevenson's PhD research while based at the University of Nottingham, UK (Stevenson, 2017,²¹⁰Pb, ²²⁶Ra, ¹³⁷Cs and ²⁴¹Am concentrations were measured by direct gamma assay in the Environmental Radiometric Facility at University College London (Dr Handong Yang), using an ORTEC HPGe GWL series well-type coaxial low background intrinsic germanium detector. Radiometric dating techniques follow Appleby et al, 1986 (doi: 10.1007/BF00026640), Appleby et al, 1992 (doi:10.1016/0168-583X(92)95328-O) and Appleby, 2001 (doi:10.1007/0-306-47669-X_9) with core extrapolation and linear interpolation used to derive an age depth model to the base of the core. The pigment β-carotene was analysed on an Agilent 1200 series high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using separation conditions outlined in McGowan et al., 2012 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02689.x). Bulk δ¹³C and C~org~/N ratios were analysed on acidified samples using a Costech ECS4010 elemental analyser (EA) coupled to a VG Triple Trap and a VG Optima dual-inlet mass spectrometer. Key lipid biomarkers (n-alkanes, n-alkanoic acids (as fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), n-alkanols and sterols) were analysed using an Agilent 7890A GC coupled to a 5975C MS according to Pearson et al., 2007 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2007.02.007) and are expressed as ratios, relative to the total of each compound class. Specific ratios were also calculated for CPI 2 n-alkanes (Marzi et al., 1993; doi:10.1016/0146-6380(93)90016-5), terrestrial aquatic ratio (TAR) for n-alkanes (Bourbonniere and Meyers, 1996; doi:10.1007/s002540050074), index of waxy n-alkanes to total hydrocarbons (PWAX) (Zheng et al., 2007; doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2007.06.012) and carbon preference index (CPI) for n-alkanoic acids (Matsuda and Koyama, 1977) (doi:10.1016/0016-7037(77)90214-9). Compound-specific δ¹³C on C~28:0~ fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) was analysed using a Thermo Finnigan Trace GC coupled to a Thermo Finnigan Delta Plus XP isotope ratio mass spectrometer using a combustion interface (GC-C-IRMS) according to conditions in Huang et al. (2018; doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03804-w).Acknowledgements:Mark Stevenson gratefully acknowledges the receipt of a NERC/ESRC studentship (ES/J500100/1). We acknowledge grants IP-1393-1113 & IP-1516-1114 from the NERC Isotope Geosciences laboratory (NIGL) for the analysis of δ¹³C~org~ & C/N ratios on sediment, soil and plant samples. Lipid and water chemistry analyses were funded by the Freshwater Biological Association's 2015 Gilson Le Cren Memorial Award to Mark Stevenson. We thank Teresa Needham, Christopher Kendrick, Julie Swales, Ian Conway, Graham Morris, Bernard Bowler, Paul Donohoe, Qingwei Song and Jiantao Xue for technical support. We acknowledge the support of Handong Yang for radiometric dating. Financial support for fieldwork was awarded via the INTERACT transnational access scheme (grant agreement No 262693) under the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme and UK RI NERC grant NE/K000276/1. Logistical support is acknowledged from University of Copenhagen Arktisk Station including Ole Stecher, Kjeld Mølgaard and Erik Wille.

± errors derived from counting statisitcs. The absolute efficiencies of the detector were determined using calibrated sources and sediment samples of known activity. See Appleby et al, 1986 (doi:10.1007/0-306-47669-X), Appleby et al, 1992 (doi:10.1016/0168-583X(92)95328-O) and Appleby, 2001 (doi:10.1007/BF00026640).

Related Identifier References
Metadata Access
Creator Stevenson, Mark A ORCID logo; McGowan, Suzanne; Pearson, Emma J; Swann, George E A ORCID logo; Leng, Melanie J ORCID logo; Jones, Vivienne J ORCID logo; Bailey, Joseph J ORCID logo; Huang, Xianyu ORCID logo; Whiteford, Erika
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2021
Funding Reference Natural Environment Research Council Crossref Funder ID ES/J500100/1 NERC/ESRC studentship to Mark Stevenson; Natural Environment Research Council Crossref Funder ID NE/K000276/1 UK RI NERC; NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, Keyworth Crossref Funder ID IP-1393-1113 ; NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, Keyworth Crossref Funder ID IP-1516-1114 ; Seventh Framework Programme Crossref Funder ID 262693 International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic (INTERACT)
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1040 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-53.401 LON, 69.389 LAT); Disko Bay, Greenland