The swimming kinematics of larval Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L., are resilient to elevated seawater pCO2


Kinematics of swimming behavior of larval Atlantic cod, aged 12 and 27 days post-hatch (dph) and cultured under three pCO2 conditions (control-370, medium-1800, and high-4200 µatm) from March to May 2010, were extracted from swim path recordings obtained using silhouette video photography. The swim paths were analyzed for swim duration, distance and speed, stop duration, and horizontal and vertical turn angles to determine whether elevated seawater pCO2-at beyond near-future ocean acidification levels-affects the swimming kinematics of Atlantic cod larvae. There were no significant differences in most of the variables tested: the swimming kinematics of Atlantic cod larvae at 12 and 27 dph were highly resilient to extremely elevated pCO2 levels. Nonetheless, cod larvae cultured at the highest pCO2 concentration displayed vertical turn angles that were more restricted (median turn angle, 15°) than larvae in the control (19°) and medium (19°) treatments at 12 dph (but not at 27 dph). Significant reduction in the stop duration of cod larvae from the high treatment (median stop duration, 0.28 s) was also observed compared to the larvae from the control group (0.32 s) at 27 dph (but not at 12 dph). The functional and ecological significance of these subtle differences are unclear and, therefore, require further investigation in order to determine whether they are ecologically relevant or spurious.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). Agency funding: European Marie Curie Initial Training Network ''Calcification by Marine Organisms'' (CalMarO) , European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) ''European Project on Ocean Acidification'' (EPOCA, grant agreement N211384), ''Biological Impacts of Ocean ACIDification'' (BIOACID), funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), Norwegian Institute of Marine Research (''Fine-scale behavioral interactions in the plankton'' and ''Biological effects of ocean acidification'' projects to HIB).

Supplement to: Maneja, Rommel H; Frommel, Andrea Y; Browman, Howard I; Clemmesen, Catriona; Geffen, Audrey J; Folkvord, Arild; Piatkowski, Uwe; Durif, Caroline M F; Bjelland, Reidun; Skiftesvik, Anne Berit (2013): The swimming kinematics of larval Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L., are resilient to elevated seawater pCO2. Marine Biology, 160(8), 1963-1972

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Creator Maneja, Rommel H ORCID logo; Frommel, Andrea Y ORCID logo; Browman, Howard I ORCID logo; Clemmesen, Catriona ORCID logo; Geffen, Audrey J ORCID logo; Folkvord, Arild ORCID logo; Piatkowski, Uwe ORCID logo; Durif, Caroline M F; Bjelland, Reidun; Skiftesvik, Anne Berit ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Contributor Nisumaa, Anne-Marin
Publication Year 2013
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme Crossref Funder ID 211384 European Project on Ocean Acidification
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1792179 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (5.223 LON, 60.270 LAT)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2010-03-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2010-05-31T00:00:00Z