Phagocytosis assay on the breadcrumb sponge Halichondria panicea using microalgae, bacteria and latex beads: particle uptake


Individuals of the breadcrumb sponge Halichondria panicea were collected from the field to perform phagocytic experiments. Collection site: coast of Schilksee (54.424278 N, 10.175794 E; Kiel, Germany) on August 7th 2022 at 8 am. Sponges were collected by carefully detaching them from crevices at 1-3 m depth by snorkeling. Name of the laboratory: H. panicea individuals were transported to the KIMMOCC climate chamber facilities at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (Germany), where they were kept for two weeks under controlled temperature (room: 10°C; water: 17°C), and with water supplied from the Kiel Fjord. Culture conditions during the experiment: The phagocytic experiments started on Aug 15th 2022, and were performed in the aforementioned facilities of GEOMAR. All the experiments lasted for one week. The experiments consisted on incubating whole sponge individuals in natural seawater for 30 min with green microalgae (Nannochloropsis sp.; live culture purchased from BlueBio Tech (Germany)), live TAMRA-stained bacteria (isolate PP-XX7 ; 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.6 % with Vibrio sp. NBRC 101805 and 97.0% to Vibrio variabilis R-40492T),) or 1 µm fluorescent latex beads (Fluoresbrite YG microsphere, Cat. 17154-10, Polyscience). Water samples were taken at time intervals through the incubation period to estimate particle uptake (i.e., filtration) by the sponge using flow cytometry. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) of sponge cells extracted from H. panciea tissue from the individuals used during the phagocytic experiment was used to quantify phagocytic activity (i.e., the population of sponge cells with internalized particles).Particle uptake of H. panicea individuals used during the phagocytic assays. Sponges were incubated for 30 min with three Nannochloropsis sp., TAMRA-stained bacteria (Vibrio sp.), or fluorescent latex beads (1 µm). Differenet algal concentration and chase periods were tested. Water samples for flow cytometry were taken at time intervals. Controls: seawater incubations. A linear or exponential model (seawater and sponge, respectively) was used to calculate the particle concentration at the start (C0) and at the end (C30) of the incubation. Particle uptake (C0-C30) was corrected based on the seawater control incubations. y = particle concentration; x = time; R2 = goodness of fit.

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Metadata Access
Creator Marulanda-Gomez, Angela Maria ORCID logo; Bayer, Kristina ORCID logo; Pita, Lucía ORCID logo; Hentschel, Ute (ORCID: 0000-0003-0596-790X)
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2023
Funding Reference German Research Foundation Crossref Funder ID 261376515 ; German Research Foundation Crossref Funder ID 284381733 Host-microbe cross talk in the early metazoan taxa Porifera and anthozoan Cnidaria (Origin and Function of Metaorganisms/CRC1182-TP B01)
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 556 data points
Discipline Earth System Research