KOSMOS 2020 Peru mesocosm study on ecosystem responses to different light and upwelling intensities: oxygen primary production rates of water samples


This data is part of the BMBF project CUSCO (Coastal Upwelling Systems in a Changing Ocean). Here we report oxygen primary production rates during a 35-day experiment, where we enclosed natural plankton communities in in-situ mesocosms off Peru. The experiment investigated the interactive effects of light and upwelling on the Humboldt upwelling ecosystem by mimicking a gradient of upwelling intensities (0%, 15%, 30%, 45% and 60%) under summer-time high light and winter-time low light. Integrated seawater samples from a depth between 0 and 10m were collected using a 5L Integrating Water sampler (IWS; Hydro-Bios, Kiel). Oxygen production as well as respiration rates were measured as described in Ortiz et al. (2022; doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.743105) using the Winkler method. For each mesocosm and sampling day samples for initial oxygen values fixed immediately after subsampling ("Initial"), dark incubations ("Dark") and light incubations ("Light") were measured. All samples were incubated with constant light dark/cycles and temperature was adjusted regularly to mesocosm values. After incubation samples were fixed and titrated by means of an automated, precise titration system with colorimetric end-point detection along with the initials (Dissolved Oxygen Analyzer, SIS Schwentinental, Germany). Community respiration (CR) was calculated as the oxygen consumption during dark incubation per hour. Net community production (NCP) was the oxygen production per hour in the light samples and gross production (GP) the sum of CR and NCP.

Mesocosm 10 describes the control sample from the Pacific

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.961218
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.961218
Creator Ortiz Cortes, Joaquin ORCID logo; González, Acorayda; Thielecke, Antonia ORCID logo; Arístegui, Javier ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2023
Funding Reference Federal Ministry of Education and Research https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002347 Crossref Funder ID 03F0813A https://foerderportal.bund.de/foekat/jsp/SucheAction.do?actionMode=view&fkz=03F0813A Küstennahe Auftriebsgebiete CUSCO: Auswirkungen geänderter Auftriebsintensitäten auf Struktur, Funktion und Produktivität pelagischer Nahrungsnetze im peruanischen Humboldt-Auftriebsgebiet; Horizon 2020 https://doi.org/10.13039/501100007601 Crossref Funder ID 731065 https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/731065 Network of Leading European AQUAtic MesoCOSM Facilities Connecting Mountains to Oceans from the Arctic to the Mediterranean
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; Data access is restricted (moratorium, sensitive data, license constraints); https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess false
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 972 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-77.236W, -12.056S, -77.235E, -12.055N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2020-02-28T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2020-03-15T00:00:00Z