(Table 1) Lipid content and organohalogen contaminant concentration in captive sledge dogs (Canis familiaris) and wild female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Greenland


The limited knowledge and/or the inability to control physiological condition parameters that influence the fate of organohalogen contaminants (OHCs) has been the foremost confounding aspect in monitoring programs and health risk assessments of wild top predators in the Arctic such as the polar bear (Ursus maritimus). In the present comparative study, we used a potential surrogate Canoidea species for the East Greenland polar bear, the captive sledge dog (Canis familiaris), to investigate some factors that may influence the bioaccumulation and biotransformation of major chlorinated and brominated OHCs in adipose tissue and blood (plasma) of control (fed commercial pork fat) and exposed (fed West Greenland minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) blubber) adult female sledge dogs. Furthermore, we compared the patterns and concentrations of OHCs and their known or suggested hydroxylated (OH) metabolites (e.g., OH-PCBs) in sledge dogs with those in adipose tissue and blood (plasma) of East Greenland adult female polar bears, and blubber of their main prey species, the ringed seal (Pusa hispida). The two-year feeding regime conducted with sledge dogs led to marked differences in overall adipose tissue (and plasma) OHC residue accumulation between the control and exposed groups. Characteristic prey-to-predator OHC bioaccumulation dynamics for major PCB and PBDE congeners (patterns and concentrations) and biotransformation capacity with respect to PCB metabolite formation and OH-PCB retention distinguished, to some extent, captive sledge dogs and wild polar bears. Based on the present findings, we conclude that the use of surrogate species in toxicological investigations for species in the Canoidea family should be done with great caution, although they remain essential in the context of contaminants research with sensitive arctic top carnivore species such as the polar bear.

Concentrations per gram wet weight.Sum Chlordane: sum of heptachlor epoxide, oxychlordane, trans-chlordane, cis-chlordane, trans-nonachlor and cis-nonachlor. Sum DDT: sum of p,p'-DDE and p,p'-DDD.Sum PCBs: sum of CB31/28,42,44,49, 52, 56/60,64/41,70/76,74, 87,95/66,97,99,101/90,105,110,118, 128, 138,141,146,149,151,153,158,170/190,172,174,177, 178, 179, 180, 183, 187, 194, 195, 196/203, 200, 202/171/156 and 206. Sum PBDEs: sum of BDE28, 47, 66, 85, 99, 100, 138, 153, 154, 183 and 209. Alpha-HBCD total: Thermal isomerization of beta- and gamma-isomers to alpha-HBCD.Sum OH-PCBs: sum of 4'-OH-CB79, 4-OH-CB97, 4'-OH-CB101/134, 4-OH-CB107/4'-0H-CB108, 2'-OH-CB114, 3-OH-CB118, 4'-OH-CB127, 4'-OH-CB120, 4'-OH-CB130, 3'-OH-CB138,4-OH-CB146,4'-OH-CB159,4-OH-CB162,4-OH-CB163,4'-OH-CB172,4'-OH-CB177,4-OH-CB178, 3'-OH-CB180, 3'-OH-CB182, 3'-OH-CB183, 3'-OH-CB184, 4-OH-CB187, 4-OH-CB193, 4'-OH-CB199, 4'-OH-CB200, 4'-OH-CB201, 4'-OH-CB202, 4,4'-diOH-CB202, 3'-OH-CB203/198 and 4'-OH-CB208.Sum OH-PBDEs: sum of 6'-OH-BDE17, 4'-OH-BDE17, 4-OH-BDE42, 6-OH-BDE47, 3-OH-BDE47, 5-OH-BDE47, 6'-OH-BDE49, 4'-OH-BDE49, 2'-OH-BDE68, 6-OH-BDE85, 6-OH-BDE90, 6-OH-BDE99, 2-OH-BDE123 and 6-OH-BDE137. Data extracted in the frame of a joint ICSTI/PANGAEA IPY effort, see http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.150150

Supplement to: Verreault, Jonathan; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Gebbink, Wouter A; Shahmiri, Soheila; Letcher, Robert J (2008): Comparative fate of organohalogen contaminants in two top carnivores in Greenland: Captive sledge dogs and wild polar bears. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 147(3), 306-315

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.841347
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2007.11.009
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.810194
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.841347
Creator Verreault, Jonathan; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian ORCID logo; Gebbink, Wouter A; Shahmiri, Soheila; Letcher, Robert J
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2008
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 152 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-52.793W, 68.719S, -20.000E, 74.000N); Disko Bay, Greenland; East Greenland