Coccolithophore abundances and CaCO3 concentrations during the 2013 MedSeA mesocosm experiment


Mesocosm experiments have been fundamental to investigate the effects of elevated CO2 and ocean acidification (OA) on planktic communities. However, few of these experiments have been conducted using naturally nutrient-limited waters and/or considering the combined effects of OA and ocean warming (OW). Coccolithophores are a group of calcifying phytoplankton that can reach high abundances in the Mediterranean Sea, and whose responses to OA are modulated by temperature and nutrients. We present the results of the first land-based mesocosm experiment testing the effects of combined OA and OW on an oligotrophic Eastern Mediterranean coccolithophore community. Coccolithophore cell abundance drastically decreased under OW and combined OA and OW (greenhouse, GH) conditions. Emiliania huxleyi calcite mass decreased consistently only in the GH treatment; moreover, anomalous calcifications (i.e. coccolith malformations) were particularly common in the perturbed treatments, especially under OA. Overall, these data suggest that the projected increase in sea surface temperatures, including marine heatwaves, will cause rapid changes in Eastern Mediterranean coccolithophore communities, and that these effects will be exacerbated by OA.

Experimental treatment (Exp trtm), C: Control mesocosms (ambient temperature and present day pCO2), OA: acidified mesocosms (ambient temperature, predicted for year 2100 pCO2) , W: heated water mesocosms (temperature: ambient plus 3oC, present day pCO2), GH: green house mesocosms (temperature: ambient plus 3oC, pCO2: predicted for year 2100), 1,2,3: 3 replicates (Exp trtm)

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Creator Ziveri, Patrizia ORCID logo; D'Amario, Barbara ORCID logo; Pérez-Mejías, Carlos ORCID logo; Grelaud, Michaël ORCID logo; Pitta, Paraskevi ORCID logo; Krasakopoulou, Evangelia ORCID logo; Paraskevi, Pitta
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2024
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme Crossref Funder ID 265103 Mediterranean Sea Acidification in a Changing Climate
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; Data access is restricted (moratorium, sensitive data, license constraints);
OpenAccess false
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1007 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Temporal Coverage Begin 2013-09-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2013-09-12T00:00:00Z