NEEM-2011-S1 ice-core aerosol record (conductivity, NH4, NO3, BC, acidity, Na, Mg, S, Ca, Mn, Sr, Ce) in NW-Greenland at 2 cm resolution from 86-1997 CE on the annual-layer counted NS1-2011 chronology


A continuous ice core analytical system was used to analyze the ~410 m NEEM-2011-S1 ice core collected in summer 2011 near the NEEM deep drilling site in NW Greenland. The core was analyzed for a broad range of elements and chemical species using a coupled continuous flow analysis system with two inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers and single-particle soot photometer. The aerosol records are provided at 2 cm depth resolution to account for signal dispersion in the online analytical system. All records are on the NS1-2011 ice-core chronology: Between 1258 and 1997 CE, this chronology is based on mannual annual-layer counting based on multi-parameter aerosol records constrained by historic volcanic age markers (i.e. Krakatao 1883; Tambora 1815; Laki 1783; Mount Parker 1641; Huaynaputina 1600; Veidivötn 1477; Samalas 1257). Between 86 CE and 1258 CE, this chronology is based on automated annual-layer counting using the StratiCounter program, an automated, objective, annual-layer detection method based on Hidden Markov Model algorithms based on multi-parameter aerosol records and constrained by a solar proton events in 775 and 993 CE, and documentary evidence of volcanic dust veils in 536, 626 and 939 CE.

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Metadata Access
Creator Sigl, Michael ORCID logo; McConnell, Joseph R ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2022
Funding Reference National Science Foundation Crossref Funder ID 0909541 Biomass Burning, Dust, Sea Salt, Volcanic & Pollution Aerosols in the Arctic during the Last 2 Millennia: High Resolution Aerosol Records from NEEM & an Aray of Archived Ic; National Science Foundation Crossref Funder ID 1023672 Collaborative Proposal: Aerosol Concentrations, Sources and Transport Pathways within the Arctic Polar Dome during Recent Millennia; National Science Foundation Crossref Funder ID 1204176 Collaborative Research: Continuous Records of Greenhouse Gases and Aerosol Deposition During the Holocene: Testing the Fidelity of New Methods for Reconstructing Atmospheric Change
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 249799 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-51.060 LON, 77.450 LAT); Greenland