Microbial community composition in fresh water at different stations


Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes was used to investigate the phylogenetic composition of bacterioplankton communities in several freshwater and marine samples. An average of about 50% of the cells were detected by probes for the domains Bacteria and Archaea. Cells were concentrated from water samples (1 to 100 ml) on white polycarbonate filters (diameter, 47 mm; pore size, 0.2 mm; type GTTP 4700 [Millipore, Eschborn, Germany]) by applying a vacuum of <25 kPa. They were subsequently fixed by covering the filter with 3 ml of a freshly prepared, phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.2)-4% paraformaldehyde (Sigma, Deisenhofen, Germany) solution for 30 min at room temperature. Airdried filters are ready for hybridization and can be stored at 220°C or room temperature for several months without showing apparent changes. Probes BET42a, GAM42a, and PLA886 were used with competitor oligonucleotides as described previously amongst others in Manz et al., (1992; doi:10.1016/S0723-2020(11)80121-9). The filters were transferred to a vial containing 50 ml of prewarmed (48°C) washing solution (70 mM NaCl, 20 mM Tris-HCl [pH 7.4], 5 mM EDTA, 0.01% sodium dodecyl sulfate) and incubated freely floating without shaking at 48°C for 15 min. The filter sections were dried on Whatman 3M paper (Whatman Ltd., Maidstone, United Kingdom) and covered with 50 ml of DAPI solution (1 mg/ml in distilled water filtered through at 0.2-mm filter) for 5 min at room temperature in the dark. For each sample and probe, more than 500 cells were enumerated; for the DAPI examination, more than 1,500 cells were counted per sample. All probe-specific cell counts are presented as the percentage of cells visualized by DAPI. The mean abundances and standard deviations were calculated from the counts of 10 to 20 randomly chosen fields on each filter section. All counts were corrected by subtracting the counts obtained with the negative control NON338. Mean and standard deviation were calculated from the counts of 10 to 20 randomly chosen fields on each filter section.

Supplement to: Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Fuchs, Bernhard M; Amann, Rudolf I (1999): Bacterioplankton compositions of lakes and oceans: a first comparison based on fluorescence in situ hybridization. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 65(8), 3721-3726

DOI https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.860585
Related Identifier https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Glöckner-etal_1999/Oligonucleotide-probes_Glöckner-etal_1999.pdf
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.860585
Creator Glöckner, Frank Oliver ORCID logo; Fuchs, Bernhard M ORCID logo; Amann, Rudolf I ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2024
Rights Data access is restricted (moratorium, sensitive data, license constraints)
OpenAccess false
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 401 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-118.448W, -68.843S, 108.165E, 54.188N); Antarctic Ocean; Lake Baikal, Russia; Austrian Alps; German Bight, North Sea; Switzerland; Bavaria; California, USA
Temporal Coverage Begin 1995-08-15T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1996-10-15T00:00:00Z