Seawater carbonate chemistry and Microzooplankton and phytoplankton community composition of KOSMOS 2013 Gullmar Fjord mesocosm study


Ocean acidification is considered as a crucial stressor for marine communities. In this study, we tested the effects of the IPCC RPC6.0 end-of-century acidification scenario on a natural plankton community in the Gullmar Fjord, Sweden, during a long-term mesocosm experiment from a spring bloom to a mid-summer situation. The focus of this study was on microzooplankton and its interactions with phytoplankton and mesozooplankton. The microzooplankton community was dominated by ciliates, especially small Strombidium sp., with the exception of the last days when heterotrophic dinoflagellates increased in abundance. We did not observe any effects of high CO2 on the community composition and diversity of microzooplankton. While ciliate abundance, biomass and growth rate were not affected by elevated CO2, we observed a positive effect of elevated CO2 on dinoflagellate abundances. Additionally, growth rates of dinoflagellates were significantly higher in the high CO2 treatments. Given the higher Chlorophyll a content measured under high CO2, our results point at mainly indirect effects of CO2 on microzooplankton caused by changes in phytoplankton standing stocks, in this case most likely an increase in small-sized phytoplankton of <8 μm. Overall, the results from the present study covering the most important part of the growing season indicate that coastal microzooplankton communities are rather robust towards realistic acidification scenarios.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2023-02-28.

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Creator Horn, Henriette G ORCID logo; Sander, Nils; Stuhr, Annegret; Algueró-Muñiz, Maria; Bach, Lennart Thomas ORCID logo; Löder, Martin G J; Boersma, Maarten (ORCID: 0000-0003-1010-026X); Riebesell, Ulf (ORCID: 0000-0002-9442-452X); Aberle, Nicole ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2016
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 9769 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (11.478 LON, 58.265 LAT); Gullmar Fjord, Skagerrak, Sweden
Temporal Coverage Begin 2013-03-08T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2013-06-20T00:00:00Z