Abundance of living coccolithophores in the northern Arabian Sea (Table 2)


The present study was conducted to provide information about living coccolithophores from the northern Arabian Sea as potential proxies in palaeoceanographic studies. In all, 71 plankton samples from 16 stations collected in September 1993 were analysed for their contents of living coccolithophores. Absolute abundances range from less than 400 coccospheres per litre in surface waters to 35 000 spheres per litre at intermediate water depths. From 49 identified taxa, nine species contribute significant cell numbers of more than 2000 coccospheres per litre and comprise more than 10% of the communities in at least one sample. Important species are (in approximate order of cell abundances): Gephyrocapsa oceanica, Florisphaera profunda, Oolithotus antillarum, Calciosolenia murrayi, Umbellosphaera irregularis, Emiliania huxleyi, Umbellosphaera tenuis, Calciopappus rigidus, and Algirosphaera robusta. At most profiles, a vertical succession of coccolithophore species was found. Calciosolenia murrayi and C. rigidus were restricted to surface waters, whereas high numbers of F. profunda and A. robusta occurred at depths below 40 m. The coccolithophore communities reflected the local oceanographic situation and seemed to be more dependent on mixed layer depth and nutrient availability than on temperature and salinity changes. Additionally, synecologic competition with diatoms in part controlled the species composition and generally reduced the abundance of coccolithophores. Synecological and ecological tolerances of species were discussed with the help of cluster analysis.

Supplement to: Andruleit, Harald; Stäger, Sabine; Rogalla, U; Cepek, Pavel (2003): Living coccolithophores in the northern Arabian Sea: ecological tolerances and environmental control. Marine Micropaleontology, 49(1-2), 157-181

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.122790
Related Identifier IsSupplementTo https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8398(03)00049-5
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.122790
Creator Andruleit, Harald; Stäger, Sabine; Rogalla, U; Cepek, Pavel
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2003
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 852 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (64.253W, 22.641S, 66.914E, 24.953N); Arabian Sea
Temporal Coverage Begin 1993-09-03T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1993-09-30T00:00:00Z