2000 års och 500-års temperaturrekonstruktioner för den extratropiska norra halvklotet


We present two new multi-proxy reconstructions of the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (30-90°N) mean temperature: a two-millennia long reconstruction reaching back to 1 AD and a 500-yr long reconstruction reaching back to 1500 AD. The reconstructions are based on compilations of 32 and 91 proxies, respectively, of which only little more than half pass a screening procedure and are included in the actual reconstructions. The proxies are of different types and of different resolutions (annual, annual-to-decadal, and decadal) but all have previously been shown to relate to local or regional temperature. We use a reconstruction method, LOCal (LOC), that recently has been shown to confidently reproduce low-frequency variability. Confidence intervals are obtained by an ensemble pseudo-proxy method that both estimates the variance and the bias of the reconstructions. The two-millennia long reconstruction shows a well defined Medieval Warm Period, with a peak warming ca. 950-1050AD reaching 0.6°C relative to the reference period 1880-1960 AD. The 500-yr long reconstruction confirms previous results obtained with the LOC method applied to a smaller proxy compilation; in particular it shows the Little Ice Age cumulating in 1580-1720AD with a temperature minimum of -1.0°C below the reference period. The reconstructed local temperatures, the magnitude of which are subject to wide confidence intervals, show a rather geographically homogeneous Little Ice Age, while more geographical inhomogeneities are found for the Medieval Warm Period. Reconstructions based on different subsets of proxies show only small differences, suggesting that LOC reconstructs 50-yr smoothed extra-tropical NH mean temperatures well and that low-frequency noise in the proxies is a relatively small problem. The dataset can be downloaded from: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/contributions_by_author/christiansen2012/christiansen2012.txt

Två nya multi-proxy-rekonstruktioner av den extra-tropiska norra halvklotet (30-90 ° N) För mer information se den engelska katalogsidan: https://snd.gu.se/en/catalogue/study/ecds0083 Datasatsen kan laddas ner från: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/contributions_by_author/christiansen2012/christiansen2012.txt

DOI https://doi.org/
Metadata Access https://datacatalogue.cessda.eu/oai-pmh/v0/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_ddi25&identifier=de5e25cb170140163429264feff05cffe43435d7380887dedaf19a40719f9031
Creator Christiansen, Bo; Charpentier Ljungquist, Fredrik
Publisher Swedish National Data Service; Svensk nationell datatjänst
Publication Year 2019
Rights Access to data through an external actor. Data are freely accessible.; Åtkomst till data via extern aktör. Data är fritt tillgängliga.
OpenAccess true
Contact https://snd.gu.se
Discipline Atmospheric Sciences; Climatology; Geosciences; Meteorology; Natural Sciences