(Tables 1, 3) Details of Agassiz trawl stations and numbers of specimens per macro- and megazoobenthic taxon collected during POLARSTERN cruise ANT-XXII/3 (ANDEEP III)


The assemblages inhabiting the continental shelf around Antarctica are known to be very patchy, in large part due to deep iceberg impacts. The present study shows that richness and abundance of much deeper benthos, at slope and abyssal depths, also vary greatly in the Southern and South Atlantic oceans. On the ANDEEP III expedition, we deployed 16 Agassiz trawls to sample the zoobenthos at depths from 1055 to 4930 m across the northern Weddell Sea and two South Atlantic basins. A total of 5933 specimens, belonging to 44 higher taxonomic groups, were collected. Overall the most frequent taxa were Ophiuroidea, Bivalvia, Polychaeta and Asteroidea, and the most abundant taxa were Malacostraca, Polychaeta and Bivalvia. Species richness per station varied from 6 to 148. The taxonomic composition of assemblages, based on relative taxon richness, varied considerably between sites but showed no relation to depth. The former three most abundant taxa accounted for 10-30% each of all taxa present. Standardised abundances based on trawl catches varied between 1 and 252 individuals per 1000 m2. Abundance significantly decreased with increasing depth, and assemblages showed high patchiness in their distribution. Cluster analysis based on relative abundance showed changes of community structure that were not linked to depth, area, sediment grain size or temperature. Generally abundances of zoobenthos in the abyssal Weddell Sea are lower than shelf abundances by several orders of magnitude.

Supplement to: Linse, Katrin; Brandt, Angelika; Bohn, Jens M; Danis, Bruno; De Broyer, Claude; Ebbe, Brigitte; Heterier, Vincent; Janussen, Dorte; López-González, Pablo José; Schüller, Myriam; Schwabe, E; Thomson, Michael (2007): Macro- and megabenthic assemblages in the bathyal and abyssal Weddell Sea (Southern Ocean). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 54(16-17), 1848-1863

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.848858
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.07.011
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.848858
Creator Linse, Katrin ORCID logo; Brandt, Angelika ORCID logo; Bohn, Jens M; Danis, Bruno ORCID logo; De Broyer, Claude; Ebbe, Brigitte; Heterier, Vincent; Janussen, Dorte ORCID logo; López-González, Pablo José ORCID logo; Schüller, Myriam; Schwabe, E; Thomson, Michael
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2007
Funding Reference German Research Foundation https://doi.org/10.13039/501100001659 Crossref Funder ID 5472008 https://gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/5472008 Priority Programme 1158 Antarctic Research with Comparable Investigations in Arctic Sea Ice Areas
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 784 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-50.730W, -71.310S, 9.938E, -41.123N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2005-01-26T15:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2005-03-20T22:20:00Z