Global Early Instrumental Monthly Meteorological Multivariable Database (HCLIM)

DOI

There is a growing need for past weather and climate data to support science and decision-making. This paper describes the compilation and the construction of a global multivariable (air temperature, pressure, precipitation sum, number of precipitation days) monthly instrumental climate database that encompasses a substantial body of the known early instrumental time series. The dataset contains series compiled from existing databases that start before 1890 (though continuing to the present) as well as a large amount of newly rescued data. All series underwent a quality control procedure and subdaily series were processed to monthly mean values. An inventory was compiled, and the collection was deduplicated based on coordinates and mutual correlations. The data are provided in a common format accompanied by the inventory. The collection totals 12452 meteorological records in 118 countries. The data has been merged from 18250 original data files. The data can be used for climate reconstructions and analyses. It is the most comprehensive global monthly climate data set for the preindustrial period.

Other sources used:National weather services:Deutscher Wetterdienst: https://opendata.dwd.de/climate_environment/CDC/observations_germany/climate/Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut: http://projects.knmi.nl/klimatologie/daggegevens/antieke_wrn/index.html MétéoFrance: https://meteofrance.com/comprendre-climat/etudier-climat-passe & https://nextcloud.meteo.fr/s/fbALNMQTasftcqiNorsk Meteorologisk Institutt: https://seklima.met.no/observations/Roshydromet Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт: http://meteo.ru/english/climate/cl_data.phpSveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut: https://www.smhi.se/data/meteorologi/temperatur---Others:Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (R. Allen):Berkeley Earth data: https://climatedataguide.ucar.edu/climate-data/global-surface-temperatures-best-berkeley-earth-surface-temperaturesBrugnara, Y. (2021). Global early instrumental climate data digitized at the University of Bern. Bern Open Repository and Information System. https://doi.org/10.48620/7Brugnara, Y. Swiss Early Meteorological Observations (CHIMES), PAN-GAEA (2020) https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.909141C3-EURO4M-MEDARE Mediterranean historical climate data (MEDARE): doi:10.5281/zenodo.7531Dove, H. W.: Temperaturtafeln nebst Bemerkungen¸ über die Verbreitung der Temperatur auf der Oberfläche der Erde und ihre jährlichen periodischen Schwankungen. Erste, Zweite, Dritte und Vierte Abhandlung. Berlin (1838, 1839, 1842).DWD - overseas data: https://www.dwd.de/EN/ourservices/overseas_stations/overseas_stations.htmlENOWA data (Rodrigo, 2021): http://repositorio.ual.es/handle/10835/10636European Climate Assessment & Dataset: https://www.ecad.eu/Forts and volunteer Observer Database: https://mrcc.purdue.edu/data_serv/cdmp/cdmp.jspGlobal Historical Climatology Network (GHCN): https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/land-based-station-data/land-based-datasets/global-historical-climatology-network-monthly-version-4HARD 2.0 - Historical Arctic Database: http://www.hardv2.prac.umk.pl/Historical Instrumental Climatological Surface Time Series of the Greater Alpine Region:http://www.met-acre.org/Homehttp://www.zamg.ac.at/histalp/index.phphttps://jefferson-weather-records.org/ ISTI data: http://www.surfacetemperatures.org/Japan-Asia Climate Data Program: https://jcdp.jp/instrumental-meteorological-data/Open Data Rescue (Canada): https://opendatarescue.orgPrecipitation data from Africa: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00212.1SEA – Historical Climate Data (Australia): https://lindenashcroft.com/research/Societas Meteorologica Palatina, Ephemerides Societatis Meteorologicae Palatinae: Observations anni 1781-92, vols. 12, edited by: Hemmer, 615J.J., Mannheim (1783-95).Southeast Asian Climate Assessment & Dataset (SACA&D): https://www.climateurope.eu/southeast-asian-climate-assessment-dataset-sacad/Stockholm Historical Weather Observations (A. Moberg): https://bolin.su.se/data/stockholmThe International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPD): https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds132.2/Toaldo, G.: La Meteorologia applicata all'Agricoltura, Storti, Venice (1775).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.940724
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Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.940724
Provenance
Creator Lundstad, Elin ORCID logo; Brugnara, Yuri ORCID logo; Brönnimann, Stefan ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2022
Funding Reference European Research Council https://doi.org/10.13039/501100000781 Crossref Funder ID 787574 https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/787574 A Palaeoreanalysis To Understand Decadal Climate Variability
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Resource Type Bundled Publication of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 24 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-7.788W, -54.810S, 7.268E, 81.730N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 1586-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2021-12-31T00:00:00Z