Fatty acid composition of zooplankton, fishes and sea birds from the northern Humboldt Current System during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM80


Fatty acids were analyzed by gas chromatography using a DB-FFAP column of 30 m length and 0.25 mm inner diameter and a programmable temperature vaporizer injector. Following the trophic biomarker concept, the fatty acids 16:0, 20:5(n-3) and 22:6(n-3) were classified as typical components of biomembranes. High levels of 16:1(n−7) as well as 16:4(n−1) and 18:1(n−7) were used as diatom markers and 18:4(n−3) as fatty acid marker for dinoflagellates. The fatty acid 18:1(n-9) indicates carnivorous feeding. A carnivory index was applied based on the fatty acid ratio 18:1(n−9) / [16:1(n−7) + 16:4(n−1) + 18:1(n−7) + 18:4(n−3) + 18:1(n−9)] to reflect the proportion of carnivorous compared to herbivorous feeding in an organism. Fatty acid compositions of zooplankton and fish were taxon-specific and did not depend on sampling area or depth. Most species showed a dominance of typical membrane fatty acids, e.g., 16:0, 20:5(n-3) and 22:6(n-3). The dominant copepod Calanus chilensis had a low carnivory index and elevated amounts of diatom fatty acid markers which point to a predominantly herbivorous feeding. Among the krill species, Euphausia mucronata had the lowest carnivory index compared to the other euphausiids indicating a more herbivorous feeding. The squat lobster Pleuroncodes monodon had a significantly lower carnivory ratio compared to the deep-sea decapods Gennadas sp. and Acanthephyra sp. emphasizing its different trophic role compared to other decapods.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.949562
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.949801
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.949562
Creator Schukat, Anna; Massing, Jana Chiara; Dorschner, Sabrina; Hagen, Wilhelm ORCID logo; Auel, Holger
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2022
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 4235 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-80.988W, -16.015S, -74.159E, -8.500N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2018-12-27T23:39:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2019-01-24T21:09:00Z