Aboveground community and species-specific plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2010)


This data set contains aboveground community biomass in 2010 (Sown plant community, Weed plant community, Dead plant material, and Unidentified plant material; all measured in biomass as dry weight) and species-specific biomass from the sown species of the main experiment plots of a large grassland biodiversity experiment (the Jena Experiment; see further details below). In the main experiment, 82 grassland plots of 20 x 20 m were established from a pool of 60 species belonging to four functional groups (grasses, legumes, tall and small herbs). In May 2002, varying numbers of plant species from this species pool were sown into the plots to create a gradient of plant species richness (1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 60 species) and functional richness (1, 2, 3, 4 functional groups). Plots were maintained by bi-annual weeding and mowing. Aboveground community biomass was harvested twice in 2010 just prior to mowing (during peak standing biomass in early June and in late August) on all experimental plots of the main experiment. This was done by clipping the vegetation at 3 cm above ground in two rectangles of 0.2 x 0.5 m per large plot. The location of these rectangles was assigned prior to each harvest by random selection of coordinates within the core area of the plots (i.e. the central 10 x 15 m). The positions of the rectangles within plots were identical for all plots. The harvested biomass was sorted into categories: individual species for the sown plant species, weed plant species (species not sown at the particular plot), detached dead plant material (i.e., dead plant material in the data file), and remaining plant material that could not be assigned to any category (i.e., unidentified plant material in the data file). All biomass was dried to constant weight (70°C, >= 48 h) and weighed. Sown plant community biomass was calculated as the sum of the biomass of the individual sown species. The data for individual samples and the mean over samples for all biomass measures are given. Overall, analyses of the community biomass data have identified species richness as well as functional group composition as important drivers of a positive biodiversity-productivity relationship.

The main experiment on the field site of the Jena Experiment comprises a split-plot design in which additional treatments (e.g. no weeding allowing for invasion of other species, or application of fertilizer) have been applied to subplots along the outer margin of the plots (see Treatment description in the section “further details”). While in this dataset only data from the core area (mown and weeding of all none-sown species twice a year, no additional treatments) is reported, all potential treatments are listed as the first parameters in the data file to guarantee compatibility with other datasets that include different treatments. There are two types of missing values contained in the dataset. Empty cells represent missing values that result from the design of the experiment when the respective value does not occur and could thus not be measured. For example, in the columns of species-specific biomass cells are left blank, when the species was not sown into the respective plot. Missing values that resulted from methodological problems, sampling errors, or lost samples/data are marked with “-9999”.To calculate plot and annual means from the species specific biomass given per subsample it is important to be aware of the special missing values in the data set. Plots with single missing values indicated by "-9999", result in a difference between the following means: (1) first sum up species specific biomass per subsample for all contained species to calculated a sown species community biomass per subsample and then average the values over the subsamples per plot or (2) first average species specific biomass over subplots to get an average species specific biomass per plot and then sum these averages for all contained species to get an overall plot mean. This datasets is part of a collection of time series of biomass measurements in the Jena Experiment since 2002 (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.866358). Similar data from other experiments (e.g. Main Experiment, Dominance Experiment; see details above), other years, or other methods quantifying related data might be available in this collection.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.866305
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.866358
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00736.x
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0863.1
Related Identifier https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Jena_Experiment/PlotInformationMainExperiment.txt
Related Identifier https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Jena_Experiment/TreatmentDefinitionsJuly2012.pdf
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1078/1439-1791-00216
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.866305
Creator De Luca, Enrica; Weigelt, Alexandra (ORCID: 0000-0001-6242-603X); Schmid, Bernhard ORCID logo; Fischer, Markus
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2016
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 15528 data points
Discipline History; Humanities
Spatial Coverage (11.611 LON, 50.946 LAT); Thuringia, Germany
Temporal Coverage Begin 2010-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2010-12-31T00:00:00Z