Relative abundances of planktonic foraminifera from surface sediments of the Drake Passage, Southern Ocean (Table 1)


Based on a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of Recent sediments samples (top 3 cm of cores as well as Petersen grab samples) from the Drake Passage, between South America and Antarctica, the distribution of planktonic foraminifera and their relation to oceanographic conditions was investigated. The Antarctic Convergence - the northern limit of the cold Antarctic Surface Water - is shown to be of major importance in controlling the distributional pattern of planktonic species as well as their total numbers. South of the convergence, Globigerina pachyderma is usually the only species found in the sediment. It occurs with abundances not greater than 6000 per gram dry sediment, and at most stations less than 100 specimens per gram of dry sediment were recovered. At a number of deep-sea stations below 3700 m depth approx. no planktonic foraminifera were found at all. It is most probable, that at least some of these stations are located below the limit of CaCO3 dissolution. North of the Antarctic Convergence planktonic foraminiferal numbers are much higher and range from 1800 to 120000 per gram of dry sediment. Eight species are the major constituents of the population: Globigerina pachyderma, Globigerina bulloides, Globogerina quinqueloba, Globigerina inflata, Globorotalia truncatolinoides, Globorotalia scitula, Globigerinita glutinata and Globigerinita uvula. The widespread occurrence of Globorotalia truncatulinoides, which in the northern hemisphere is usually a subtropical form, is especially noteworthy. Another Globigerina, morphologically similar to G. pachyderma, has been recognized frequently north of the Antarctic Convergence. Globigerina megastoma which has its type area in the Drake Passage, has been found only rarely. Orbulina universa occurs in samples from the areas of higher water temperature around the South American Continent. Globigerina pachyderma is predominantly sinistrally coiled throughout the area investigated, but a slight increase in the percentage of dextrally coiled specimens may be noticed with increasing water temperature, i.e. from south to north.

Supplement to: Herb, René (1968): Recent planktonic foraminifera from sediments of the Drake Passage, Southern Ocean. Ecologae Geologicae Helvetiae, 61(2), 467-480

Metadata Access
Creator Herb, René
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 1968
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 504 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-71.250W, -64.900S, -55.567E, -52.017N)