(Table 1, page 1376) Chemical analyses of manganese nodules and crusts from the Pacific Ocean


A compilation of chemical analyses of Pacific Ocean nodules using an x-ray fluorescence technique. The equipment used was a General Electric XRD-5 with a tungsten tube. Lithium fluoride was used as the diffraction element in assaying for all elements above calcium in the atomic table and EDDT was used in conjunction with a helium path for all elements with an atomic number less than calcium. Flow counters were used in conjunction with a pulse height analyzer to eliminate x-ray lines of different but integral orders in gathering count data. The stability of the equipment was found to be excellent by the author. The equipment was calibrated by the use of standard ores made from pure oxide forms of the elements in the nodules and carefully mixed in proportion to the amounts of these elements generally found in the manganese nodules. Chemically analyzed standards of the nodules themselves were also used. As a final check, a known amount of the element in question was added to selected samples of the nodules and careful counts were taken on these samples before and after the addition of the extra amount of the element. The method involved the determination and subsequent use of absorption and activation factors for the lines of the various elements. All the absorption and activation factors were carefully determined using the standard ores. The chemically analyzed samples of the nodules by these methods yielded an accuracy to at least three significant figures.

From 1983 until 1989 NOAA-NCEI compiled the NOAA-MMS Marine Minerals Geochemical Database from journal articles, technical reports and unpublished sources from other institutions. At the time it was the most extended data compilation on ferromanganese deposits world wide. Initially published in a proprietary format incompatible with present day standards it was jointly decided by AWI and NOAA to transcribe this legacy data into PANGAEA. This transfer is augmented by a careful checking of the original sources when available and the encoding of ancillary information (sample description, method of analysis...) not present in the NOAA-MMS database.

Supplement to: Mero, John L (1961): Sea floor manganese nodules. Unpublished report to the Daniel C. Jackling Award Fellowship Committee; American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME)

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.859330
Related Identifier IsSupplementTo https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/geology/data/1599/15995009/15995009.pdf
Related Identifier IsDerivedFrom https://doi.org/10.7289/V52Z13FT
Related Identifier IsDocumentedBy https://doi.org/10.7289/V53X84KN
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.859330
Creator Mero, John L
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 1961
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 2243 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-74.717W, -46.733S, 164.983E, 42.753N); Pacific Ocean; North-East Pacific Ocean; Northwest Pacific Ocean; Acapulco Trench, Pacific ocean; Henderson Seamount, Pacific Ocean; North-West Pacific Ocean; North Pacific Ocean; Vermilion Sea, Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1875-07-12T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1961-03-31T00:00:00Z