Exploring functional traits of fish species in the Azores archipelago: a database compilation


This database contains functional traits of target and non-target fish species (Actinopterygii and Elasmobranchii) from the Azores archipelago, Portugal. The included traits are reproductive guilds, body shape, position in water column, mean temperature preference (ᵒC), generation time (years), maximum depth (m), trophic position, growth coefficient (K), size at first maturity (cm), food consumption (Q/B), fecundity, and maximum body size (cm). The traits scores were assigned based on databases provided by FishBase (Froese and Pauly, 2023), and Trindade-Santos et al. (2020). Additionally, relevant literature was also utilized. These traits were selected based on biological and ecological knowledge of species critical for ecological processes in marine ecosystems, as well as data availability. The selected traits are associated with fish functions including habitat use, locomotion, feeding, and life history.

The selected traits were chosen based on a combination of biological and ecological knowledge that are essential for understanding the roles of various species in marine ecosystems. These traits are associated with four key functions of fish:Habitat use: This trait is closely linked to a fish species' distribution, abundance, and diversity, as well as its interactions with other organisms in the ecosystem. Different species may be adapted to thrive in specific habitats, such as deep, cold waters or shallow, warm waters (Gratwicke and Speight, 2005; Honda et al., 2013; Farré et al., 2016; Saunders et al., 2021; Scoulding et al., 2023)Locomotion: Locomotion is crucial for a fish's survival and fitness. It aids in food acquisition and predator avoidance, contributing to their overall ecological success (Higham, 2007; Fu et al., 2019; Myers et al., 2020).Feeding: Feeding behavior is fundamental for fish to obtain energy for growth, development, and reproduction. It also has a significant impact on trophic interactions, nutrient cycling, and competition within ecosystems (Stergiou and Karpouci, 2002; Ward et al., 2006; Mézo et al., 2022).Life-History: these traits, including growth rate, size at maturity, generation time, and fecundity, play a pivotal role in determining the reproductive success and survival of individual fish and influence the dynamics of fish populations(King and McFarlane, 2003; Winemiller, 2005, Morales-Nin, 2009).

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.961793
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1243918
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2016.07.006
Related Identifier https://www.fishbase.org
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2018.09.005
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00629.x
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02634
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065735
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2400.2003.00359.x
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13131
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.608665
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.14412
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020556722822
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0889
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2006.00224.x
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1139/f05-040
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.961793
Creator Costa, Eudriano ORCID logo; Campanyà-Llovet, Neus ORCID logo; Cuvelier, Daphne; Menezes, Gui M ORCID logo; Colaço, Ana ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2023
Funding Reference European Regional Development Fund https://doi.org/10.13039/501100008530 Crossref Funder ID 01-0145-FEDER-000123 Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER); European Regional Development Fund https://doi.org/10.13039/501100008530 Crossref Funder ID Acores 01-0145-FEDER-000123 https://funazores.pt/index.php FunAzores
Rights Data access is restricted (moratorium, sensitive data, license constraints)
OpenAccess false
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 16473 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-30.384 LON, 38.306 LAT); Azores
Temporal Coverage Begin 2022-07-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2023-05-31T00:00:00Z